- May 23, 2018 -
Asparagus is originated in eastern Mediterranean and Asia minor, continental Europe, Asia and north Africa grasslands and valley area still has a wild, has 2000 years of cultivation history, in the 17th century was introduced into America, in the 18th century was introduced into Japan, was introduced into China in the early 20th century. The world is cultivated, the largest in the United States.
Chinese asparagus has been cultivated for more than 100 years since the qing dynasty. Taiwan in the 1950 s and 60 s of the asparagus within increased year by year, by the 80 s Taiwan province vegetables exports pivotal position of the total goods exports, while exports of asparagus in the vegetables. In 1980 Taiwan exported 7.64 million tons of canned asparagus, while frozen vegetables were only 650,000 tons. The export of canned asparagus in Taiwan accounts for more than 70% of the world trade. After the 1980s, the economic benefits of asparagus were ignored because of the poor quality of asparagus. As a result, the planting area decreased year by year, and the export volume of canned asparagus was only 1.21 million tons in 1987, decreasing by 23.1%. From this, the international market asparagus is tight. Since 1984, this situation has led to the large-scale development of asparagus production in China's fujian, henan, shaanxi, anhui, sichuan, tianjin and other cities. By the early 1990s, the national cultivation area was more than 66,000 hectares, with an annual output of more than 80,000 tons, which became one of the major vegetable products for China's export. Shandong province is the main base of asparagus production, and the annual export of asparagus can account for about 1/3 of the total export volume, which plays an important role in the production and export of asparagus. China's asparagus is mainly exported to the United States, Japan, Europe and other countries and Hong Kong.
According to the statistics of the early 1980s, the production of canned asparagus in the world was 200,000 tons, and the import and export volume was about 90,000 tons. China and Spain are major exporters, accounting for 80-90% of the world's exports. The main importing countries are Germany and France and other western European countries. Countries such as the United States and Japan are gradually reducing production because of the low economic benefits of canned asparagus. The future world of asparagus trade in China and Spain. China's good ecological environment, coupled with the development of domestic market, the development of asparagus production is certain. So far, asparagus is still the main foreign exchange vegetable in China, but it is still a rare vegetable with less sales in the domestic market.