- Feb 26, 2018 -
Mushrooms, mushrooms, is large, the higher fungi, usually visible fruiting bodies. The mycelium is separated from the wall and separates the mycelium into multiple cells.
Mushrooms are often spore; after spore germination, mycelium which is mononuclear mycelium transverse next door. Mononuclear mycelium of positive and negative mating type after meeting the ground for the synthesis of dikaryotic hyphae, and then developed into mushroom fruiting bodies.
The fruiting body consists of pileus and stipe. So with the ventral gills of mature spores produced by meiosis can be divided.
Many mushrooms with medical value, such as Ganoderma lucidum, Coriolus versicolor, Phellinus igniarius, Fuling and cordyceps. Medicinal fungi, such as Ganoderma lucidum and camphor, are rich in polysaccharides and three terpenoids. In traditional medicine, they think they have the functions of detoxification, promoting blood circulation, enhancing immunity, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer and prolonging life.
The nutritional value of mushrooms
The mushroom is rich in nutrition, and it is an excellent source of food for selenium, copper, potassium, phosphorus, tryptophan and vitamin B2, B3 and B5. Mushrooms are also rich in zinc, manganese, magnesium, iron, calcium and protein and vitamin B1 and B6, folic acid, dietary fiber and so on.
Selection of mushrooms
By strong, flesh, fat, no mildew, no moth, no impurities for quality. Poisonous mushrooms color is rich, so with red, purple and yellow or mottled red, basal, abnormal shape, a spicy, bitter taste and odor.
How to avoid poisonous mushrooms?
China mushrooms (toadstool) variety, wide distribution and abundant resources. In the vast mountainous rural areas and towns, eating poisonous mushroom poisoning cases are quite common, there are serious poisoning reported almost every year, once as one of the reasons of multiple food poisoning. How to identify poisonous mushrooms and edible mushrooms?
1. look from color, poisonous mushrooms colorful, Chang Chenghong, green, yellow, mushroom in the form of sudden ups and downs, so often with black spots, or small filament surface residue or flake. Nontoxic mushrooms are not brightly colored, the cover is flat, and the umbrella is smooth.
2., from the point of view of secretion, the lid or injured part of poisonous mushrooms often secrete thick and thick liquid, which has a russet way, spicy and other peculiar smell. After the mushroom lid is torn, it will change color easily. And nontoxic mushrooms are generally dry, after broken, the secreted liquid is white, with a special fragrance, and the cover is usually not discoloration. The shank on the umbrella handle of the poisonous mushroom is easy to break, and the bottom has the root of the mushroom, and the umbrella handle is difficult to tear with the hand. There is no mushroom wheel on the harmless mushroom. There is no mushroom in the lower part, and the umbrella handle is easy to tear with the hand.
3. in addition, mushroom stems as of odd shape, slender or thick and long, thick mushroom surface hard, like a horn, like the head, like an umbrella etc.. Even if the color is normal, it is also a poisonous mushroom.